Posted by: mjaga | August 20, 2015

Fast till Night

  1. 2_187partThis is part of Qur’aanic Verse 2:187. Its translation: And eat and drink until the light of dawn becomes distinct to you from the darkness preceding dawn. Then, fast till night.

  2. This divine directive to believers is in respect of nights during the fasting month of Ramadan. It also gives them a clear direction as regards the exact duration of the fast to be observed everyday during the month.

  3. The divine directive is to fast till night. But most Muslims break their fast at sunset. Is this practice in conformity with the directive? It is important for the Muslims to know this because the Qur’aan tells them, in no uncertain terms, that those who abide not by what Allah has sent down are suppressors of the Truth (Verse 5:44), oppressors (Verse 5:45), and transgressors (Verse 5:47)!

  4. Verse 2:187 itself specifies the exact time when to start the fast. It directs the Muslims to start the fast – not at sunrise, but – when, before sunrise, the light of dawn (daylight) clearly penetrates the darkness of the night. So the night, allowing believers to eat and drink, ends when first daylight comes in at dawn about 35 minutes before sunrise. And, naturally, the night, allowing believers to eat and drink again, begins when the last remnants of daylight disappear at the end of dusk, i.e. about 35 minutes after sunset.

MohammadShafi

Author of Qur’aanic Studies

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Posted by: mjaga | July 21, 2015

A Miracle?

A Miracle?

  1. 54_1

    ​ The Hour (the time when the present world will end and the Hereafter begin) has drawn near and the moon is breached. The Qur’aanic Verse is the first one in Chapter 54, and the English translation is mine (refer QUR’AANIC STUDIES).

  2. And, the explanatory note on that translation reads as follows: The Arabic word shaqqa has a number of meanings. Most translators have given it here the meaning of ‘split’ and thus attributed to Prophet Muhammad [peace on him] the performing of the miracle of splitting the moon in two and then rejoining the two parts. Such a miracle – if it did happen – would have indeed been a unique one! The Qur’aan does say that the earlier Prophets were endowed with the gifts of performing various miracles. But none of such miracles involved moon or any other heavenly body! All those miracles were restricted to things of this earth. This miracle attributed to Prophet Muhammad is preposterous on another count as well. Nowhere else in the Holy Book does Allah Almighty mention performance, by Muhammad, of any miracle as those performed by earlier Prophets like Moses and Jesus! The Book, on the other hand, points out the fact that the earlier peoples had failed to follow their Prophets despite the latter showing them the miracles! The stress was therefore laid on Prophet Muhammad’s Ummah to look for miracles in the natural creation of their own selves and of all things around them, and thus attain to faith in Allah Ta’ala. That being the unmistakable tenor throughout in the Qur’aan, it was indeed preposterous for the Prophet to come up suddenly with such an unlikely miracle. Moreover, shaqqa alqamar is meant in this Verse to be the Sign for the approaching end of this world.  There were definitely no signs of the approaching Doom over 1400 years ago when this Verse was revealed. But there definitely are such signs now when nation after nation is engaged in piling up weapons of mass destruction [WMD]. And this piling up was preceded by Man’s first visit to the moon in the late sixties [Watch the Video]. This Verse foretold that visit, when the virginity of the surface of the moon was for the first time breached by human steps and man-made tools.

  3. It is now over 46 years since that event. So, how many more years this world may still have before its end? The exact number is of course known only to Allah Almighty; but the proximity predicted by the Qur’aan should surely have an upper limit. Does the Qur’aan give any indication of that limit? Let us try to find out.

  4. In the 97th Chapter of the Qur’aan, it is said,

     97_3

    97_4

    ​ The Night of Destiny is better than a thousand months. The angels and the Spirit descend in that Night, with their Lord’s Decree on every matter,

  5. Those two Verses do indicate that laylatu alqadr (Night of Destiny) comes once in a thousand months with divine Decrees for the ensuing thousand months, equivalent roughly to 83.4 years.

  6. If that be true, this world is not going to survive 2053 AD!

Mohammad Shafi

Author of QUR’AANIC STUDIES

18th July, 2015

Posted by: mjaga | July 15, 2015

The Twelve

1.    Most Muslims may be aware of there being numerous astonishing numerical evidences of the Qur’aan being divine and not man-made. I too had read about it innumerable times, but had not brought myself to personally verify any of those.

2.    But, some days back, I did physically do the counting job on one such evidence. The word I chose was shahr, the Arabic equivalent for month. My information was that this word in singular occurred exactly twelve time in the entire Qur’aan to correspond with the twelve months in a year.

3.    Needless to say, I was not disappointed! The word shahroccurred in Verses 2:185 (twice), 2:194 (twice), 2:217, 5:2, 5:96, 9:36, 34:12 (twice), 46:15 & 97:3. Twelve times, totally!

4.    What’s so great about it, you may ask. The greatness in this is that the Qur’aan was revealed to Prophet Muhammad, bit by bit, during a long and extended period of 23 years in the seventh century AD. People in those days had no means to keep count of every word occurring in the Holy Book. There were no printing presses, not even paper – leave aside the modern-day computer! This counting could only be done then by Allah Almighty, and not by man. And this evidence came to light only recently, when man could have access to modern techniques.

5.    And this is not the only numerical evidence! There are far too many of them to be humanly possible for a Book, produced in the 7th century, to have. Click here to know more about this. One cannot dismiss an avalanche of such evidences as mere coincidences.

Mohammad Shafi

Author of Qur’aanic Studies

9th July 2015

Posted by: mjaga | July 1, 2015

Is Islam Irrelevant Today?

The question mark in the caption above says it all! There is a widespread undercurrent of doubts, even among Muslims, on the relevance of Islam in the world today. Muslims may not give expression to those doubts openly, but the doubts do assail a majority of them.

  1. They see that Islam, as they understand it, prohibits interest; and the highest court in the Muslim country of Pakistan had even directed its government to realign its economic policies on that basis. The government was given some two years to do that; but at the end of the stipulated period the government pleaded its inability. The matter is dragging on indecisively there for years now!

  2. In Islam, homosexuality is a crime that militates against the divine scheme. The Qur’aan speaks of an entire people – Prophet Lot’s – destroyed because of their open advocacy and virulent practice of this crime. But, in this modern world, nation after nation is coming up to accept the aberration in sexual behaviour as natural. Same sex marriages are openly celebrated. Open practice of homosexuality is no longer considered a crime.

  3. The Qur’aan says that natural calamities like the earthquake happen with the knowledge, and under the direction, of the Creator of all things, Allah. HE uses these to punish people transgressing divinely laid down law beyond a limit, and to warn others against such transgression. But the modernists dismiss the Qur’aanic assertions as superstitious beliefs. They claim that the calamities are geophysical natural phenomena and have nothing to do with any Intelligent Power exercising any conscious power over them. They, in fact, tend to deny the very existence of any such Power!

  4. The Qur’aan prescribes cutting off of hand as punishment for theft and lashes for adultery. Except for a very few countries like Saudi Arabia, such punishments have been abolished in all other countries. The Qur’aanic punishments are now considered barbaric and inhuman.

  5. A sister gets half the share of a brother under the Qur’aanic Law of Inheritance. And, one man’s evidence is equated to two women’s, for financial transactions, in the Holy Book. The modern world considers that Islam thus perpetuates an obvious gender inequality.

  6. Mentioned above are the points, that occur to me presently, on the basis of which modern world generally considers Islam irrelevant now. Readers may like to apprise me of other points they have come across. But, in the meantime, let me critically examine the points mentioned herein above, one by one.

  7. First and foremost, there is the economics question of levying interest on money lent or borrowed. If this interest is prohibited, the entire banking business, as it now stands, would come to a grinding halt. Some Islamic countries have obviated this problem by establishing what they call sharia-compliant banks. What these banks do is instead of lending money on interest as any other commercial bank does, they adopt other means like buying their clients’ requirements themselves and handing over these to their clients. For example, if a client wants to buy a residential flat, the bank will buy it and then give it to the client for use. The client then repays the bank in several instalments extending to a longish period of time. By the time all instalments get paid, the client ends up paying more than what the bank had paid originally for the flat. The difference could even be more than the total amount of interest that a commercial bank would have charged for the deal. So, the sharia-compliant bank gets its dues – not as interest, but as its margin of profit! There are other dubious ways in which such banks carry on their business by getting their dues anyhow, but nominally not as interest.

  8. But is it interest that Islam prohibits? This is the question that Muslims themselves have unfortunately failed to examine critically. Their religious leaders have said that the Qur’aan does not define Ar-Riba it prohibits. So these leaders have themselves defined it to include interest in its ambit. But the Qur’aan repeatedly reiterates that it explains or clarifies everything so that its edicts are easily and clearly understood and implemented by the common people (refer Qur’aanic Verses 6:38, 16:89, 18:1, 18:54, 41:3, 54:18, 57:17 and there are other such Verses besides). So all those who say that the Arabic term Ar-Riba is not defined in the Qur’aan, do in fact contradict the Book they consider divine and therefore incontrovertible.

  9. My studies of the Holy Book reveal that it does define the term Ar-Riba in Verse 30:39. I have detailed my findings in the book ISLAM AND INTEREST, the first chapter What is Ar-Riba of which explains how the said Qur’aanic Verse defines the term as gain that any party to a transaction contrives or manipulates to get by usurping the rightful dues, earnings or possessions of others. It is this Ar-Riba so defined – and not interest per se – that is prohibited in Islam.

  10. As regards homosexuality, one need not be extraordinarily knowledgeable to understand that Nature has imbued the sexual urge in living beings for the specific purpose of propagating their respective species. Normally, this sexual urge is heterosexual between males and females, the two being suitably fashioned for playing their respective roles in propagation of the species. In such a circumstance, sexual attraction between two persons of the same sex is obviously an aberration. So long as this aberration remains shrouded in privacy, the society in general need not be proactively antagonistic, but if it is practised openly and aggressively, society can ill afford to simply sit back and wait for its inevitable ill effects. The Qur’aan speaks of the destruction of the ancient people of Lot, as those people had become aggressively homosexual en masse. It would be wrong to condone this aberration as an individual’s natural inclination or orientation. One could then even say that an individual is naturally inclined or oriented to have sexual relations with all sexually attractive individuals of the other sex. But human society, as we know it, cannot bear the burden of such unbridled heterosexual relations. It will no longer remain human. Homosexuality, if unchecked, too has similarly the potential to destroy human society.

  11. As regards the point raised in paragraph 4 above, it is essentially an offshoot of the belief in a super-intelligent Creator of the entire universe and of all things therein. Being the Creator, He has absolute control over every item of His creation. Naturally, those who do not have this belief, condemn it as mere superstition. The inevitable question then that arises is as to why one should have a belief in such Creator. It is a vast subject, which can only be dealt with in no less than a book. Let me then present you the online booklet WHY DO I BELIEVE IN ISLAM. I have tried therein to deal with this question here as succinctly and briefly as possible. Human knowledge is pitiably limited. It cannot provide answers to many, many things that happen. A renowned scientist had once admitted that what scientists are doing is just pick up some pebbles in the vast seashore of knowledge. They are in no position to predict accurately when, why, where and how strongly an earthquake will happen next. In the dismal absence of such wherewithal, mankind cannot but believe in what the Creator says in revealed Scriptures.

  12. The Qur’aanic Verse 5:38 prescribes hand-cutting of a thief as an exemplary punishment from the Wise Creator. In view of the very next Verse 5:39, this punishment is to be meted out only to such an incorrigible thief who is unrepentant for his crime or indulges in it repeatedly despite declaring his repentance of earlier crimes. The punishment to such a thief has necessarily to be exemplary, so that others, seeing his amputated arm, are effectively discouraged from committing the crime. Modern-day governments, in the name of humanitarianism, have very light penal provisions of imprisonment for a limited period. A hardened criminal takes it in his stride, goes to prison, and duly resumes his criminal activity afresh after being released. And, with his ill-gotten wealth, he may grease the palms of the police, and thus evade imprisonment again. And seeing his apparent prosperity, others may emulate him. Allah-given law is always better than man-made laws. So is the Allah-given penal provision of giving lashes to a person indulging in adultery! This latter punishment is to be meted out in public. The shame of such a punishment would be an effective deterrent for anyone inclined to commit the offence. And remember, the crime, to deserve this punishment, has to be so openly committed as to provide witnesses thereto!

  13. A family constitutes the basic unit of society. The Qur’aan confers on the husband the position of the head of this unit. One cannot but admit that it is a natural conferment in view of the undeniable fact that he has been endowed with a greater physical strength than the wife. The Qur’aan, however, makes it abundantly clear that the wife has rights over the husband just as the husband has over her. The husband’s authority is only a shade above the wife’s just as the prime minister, in a parliamentary form of government, has over other ministers. This slight difference in their respective powers is essential for the smooth conduct of affairs within this basic unit of society.

  14. Along with the conferment as head of the family, the Qur’aan puts the responsibility of adequately providing for the entire needs of the family on the shoulders of the husband. That is even when the wife may have her own source of income! In the circumstance, it serves due ends of justice for a man to have a greater share in ancestral property than a woman.

  15. The Qur’aan, moreover, generally envisages a distinct division of work between a man and a woman. And their bodies are suitably fashioned accordingly. This does not mean that a woman cannot do a man’s job. She can, but the divine scheme apparently is to make it an exception rather than the rule. In the divine scheme of things, giving evidence on anything, monetarily related or otherwise, is normally a man’s job. A woman comes in only as an exception. It is only in such a situation, where she is obliged to do a thing to which she is not accustomed to, another woman is brought in as an additional help.

  16. Once when I was hospitalised for some ailment, the doctor remarked that the count of my white blood corpuscles (wbc) was high and that it was a worrisome factor. I couldn’t understand. The wbc is the body’s defence mechanism. The more, the better, I said. The doctor laughed at my ignorance and informed me that the higher wbc count was indicative of greater infection. God is ingenious, he told me.

  17. Allah is indeed ingenious. But the trouble is, man thinks he is more ingenious!

Mohammad Shafi

Author of QUR’AANIC STUDIES

Posted by: mjaga | February 15, 2015

Dedicated to all Human Beings on Trial here on this Earth

In the Name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful

Salamun alaykum, brothers/sisters,

            I do believe in One Creator – Whom, as a Muslim, I call Allah – of the entire universe and of everything therein. I do believe that the Qur’aan is the Creator’s Book of Guidance for every human being to follow diligently in his/her life. I do believe that the Creator will resurrect every human being to a second, everlasting life after his/her death in this life. I do believe that a human being, who has fashioned his/her earthly life on divine Guidance given in the Qur’aan, will be placed in Paradise after resurrection. Life in Paradise will be all enjoyment and no suffering. I do believe that those who do not abide by the Guidance will perennially suffer in Hell.

            And I do ardently wish that none of my fellow human beings suffer in Hell. I do ardently wish therefore that they study the Qur’aan and abide by the Guidance therein – for their own good.

            I have recently finished my own studies of the Qur’aan, and I have recorded these online. I do not claim that these studies are absolutely faultless. All human efforts are bound to contain some or the other fault. That which is divine could only be faultless. And I offer my studies to anyone who would like to go through them as only a help towards his/her own studies of the Qur’aan. If anyone thereby gets motivated to initiate his/her own studies of the Book, I shall feel richly rewarded. I ask for no other reward from my fellow humans.

            The link to my Qur’aanic Studies is:

https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B7whKwklZ1K3ZVRtVjNKNGZMUDQ/view?usp=sharing. It covers the entire Qur’aan, with cross-references made immediately accessible. That is an advantage available for online readers. Readers may also like to visit my website INVITATION TO SALVATION whereat the same studies are available Manzil-wise. The site contains all my other writings as well. The site is freely accessible.

Allah bless you all,

Mohammad Shafi

Posted by: mjaga | January 7, 2015

Qur’aanic Chapter 1

title1

Chapter 1: Al-Fatiha (The Opening)

  • 1_1
  • 1. Bismi Allahi alrrahmani alrraheemi
  • 1. In the name of Allah1, the Gracious2, the Merciful2.

Chapter Notes:

1, I have retained here the original Arabic word. The English near-equivalent God does not convey the same significance or uniqueness that the word implies. Non-Muslim readers are requested not to get the wrong impression that Muslims have a separate god called Allah. Allah is the sole Creator and Sustainer of the entire Universe and of all things, animate or inanimate, therein.

  2. Root letters for both the Arabic words, in the original text, are the same: ra, ha, ma. The root word denotes compassion, mercy, or, more comprehensively, grace. It is by Allah’s grace that we receive from Him even unmerited favours. The epithet Rahmaan signifies possession of grace, and the epithet Raheem, active manifestation of that grace upon all Creation. Allah not only possesses grace, but actively bestows it upon His creatures. Both these words are prefixed by the definite article al (the). It signifies that it is Allah who is the real possessor and bestower of grace. It is only the reflection of this divine quality that we see in His creatures.

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  • 2. Alhamdu lillahi rabbi alAAalameena
  • 2. The praise3 is for Allah, Lord4 of the worlds5,

    • 3. Prefix of the definite article here, too, is significant. It is only Allah, who is really praiseworthy. When we praise a person for his/her beauty, intelligence, work etc., our praise is, in fact, misdirected! We should really be praising the Creator who made the person beautiful or intelligent, or gave him the capacity to produce the good work. That is why Muslims, whenever they see anything praiseworthy, utter this phrase in Arabic, alhamdulillah!
    •   4. The original Arabic word is Rabb. It is a very comprehensive word, covering the meanings of Master, Owner, Nourisher, Developer, Guide, Provider et al. For want of a befitting corresponding word in English, the word “Lord” is used, although it does not convey the same comprehensive meaning. For the purpose of this translation, therefore, “Lord” is redefined to have the comprehensive meaning of the Arabic word Rabb.
    •   5. This is the dictionary meaning of the Arabic word aalameen. It is in plural: worlds, and not world. In most of the places where this word has been used in the Qur’aan, it is accompanied by the word Rabb, as in this place. But there are a few places where it isn’t, as in Verses 2:47, 3:97, 6:86, 6:90, 21:107 and 29:6. A close study of these latter Verses would show that the word is used in the same sense as in the sentence, “My world is different from yours.” Every individual life is one’s own individual world in the sense that his/her environment, conditions of living, circle of contacts etc. are different from others’. One’s own world is, in other words, one’s own individual life. It is to these millions of individual worlds that the Qur’aan refers to as aalameen. Allah thus declares that He is the Rabb of every individual life. If every individual would but submit completely to His will and obey His commands as given in the Qur’aan, the Lord will surely nourish and lead the individual’s life to Success and Salvation! In the phrase Rabbulaalameen, however, Aalameen would include jinns, angels, all living things (besides human) and all inanimate things in the entire universe as well. Refer in this context Moses’ reply to Pharaoh in Verses 24, 26 and 28 of Chapter 32 (Manzil V). Rabbulaalameen could as well be translated as the Lord of the Universe.
  • 1_3
  • 3. Alrrahmani alrraheemi
  • 3. The Gracious, the Merciful,

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  • 4. Maliki yawmi alddeeni
  • 4. Master of the Judgement Day6!

    • 6. Judgement Day mentioned here has been described in the Qur’aan as, “The Day when no person shall be able to do anything for another. And the Authority, that Day, shall be with Allah!” [82:19] The Day obviously will not be any day of this world in which we are living now. It has got to be of another world, after our deaths! That Day, Allah will judge every person, strictly on merit. No influence, no recommendation!
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  • 5. Iyyaka naAAbudu wa-iyyaka nastaAAeenu
  • 5. You, we worship, and, you, we ask for help.

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  • 6. Ihdina alssirata almustaqeema
  • 6. Guide us to the Straight Path –

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  • 7. Sirata allatheena anAAamta AAalayhim ghayri almaghdoobi AAalayhim wala alddalleena
  • 7. Path of those upon whom You have bestowed favours7, not of those who have incurred Your wrath8, nor of those who have gone astray9!

    • 7. The Qur’aan elsewhere declares, “And whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger, shall be with those on whom Allah has bestowed favours – the Prophets, the truthful, the martyrs, the reformers and doers of good. And good, indeed, are such companions!” [4:69]
    •  8, Explaining why or how people incurred Allah’s wrath, the Qur’aan says, “…That was because they disobeyed and exceeded all limits!” [2:61] and [3:112]
    • 9. The Qur’aan says elsewhere, “Surely, in the matter of those who have suppressed the Truth after attaining to belief therein, and who have gone on to suppress it further, their repentance shall not be accepted. And those are the ones who have gone astray!” [3:90]

This Chapter is obviously in the form of a prayer from mankind. The rest of the Qur’aan is Allah’s response thereto.

 

Translations & study notes by:

Mohammad Shafi

Download entire QUR’AANIC STUDIES

Posted by: mjaga | August 15, 2012

QUR’AANIC STUDIES MANZIL V

In the Name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful

The 5th volume of my Qur’aanic studies is now published by Amazon.com as QUR’AANIC STUDIES MANZIL V. This volume covers my studies of Qur’aanic Chapters 26 to 36.

Mohammad Shafi

Posted by: mjaga | August 9, 2012

Bless the Prophet

Qur’aanic Verse 33:56:

33:56

Transliteration:

56. Inna Allaha wamala-ikatahu yusalloona AAala alnnabiyyi ya ayyuha allatheena amanoo salloo AAalayhi wasallimoo tasleeman

Translation:

56. Indeed, Allah and His angels bless the Prophet. O you who believe! Bless him and greet him nicely.11

Study Note:

11. Please note that in Verse 43 above, the Qur’aan tells us that Allah and His angels bless the believers. So there is nothing special in the divine blessing on the Prophet as expressed in Verse 56 here. And as for the divine command here for the believers to bless the Prophet, no special significance need be construed in this too. The Prophet had been sent to this earth on a mission. The believers were bound to wish him well in his onerous mission. And by blessing him as directed, the believers did nothing but wish him well and pray to Allah for the success of his mission. But this simple direction has been taken completely out of its context and given a meaning that smacks of shirk. Now, when centuries have passed by after the Prophet had accomplished his mission by Allah’s grace, the believers are required to utter the blessing mandatorily every time he is mentioned in speech or in writing. Otherwise, it would be a grave sin! The Authority for this? The man-influenced and error-prone ahaadeeth of course, and not the Allah-given and Allah-protected Qur’aan, which is Allah-guaranteed to contain everything necessary for conducting a pious life on this earth.


 The above is an extract from Qur’aanic Studies Manzil V, which will soon, inshaAllah, be published on Amazon Kindle. Manzil IMabzil II,  Manzil III and Manzil IV of the series are already published.

Mohammad Shafi

Posted by: mjaga | August 7, 2012

Prophet’s Marriages

Qur’aanic Verse 33:37:

33:37

Transliteration:

37. Wa-ith taqoolu lillathee anAAama Allahu AAalayhi waanAAamta AAalayhi amsik AAalayka zawjaka waittaqi Allaha watukhfee fee nafsika ma Allahu mubdeehi watakhsha alnnasa waAllahu ahaqqu an takhshahu falamma qada zaydun minha wataran zawwajnakaha likay la yakoona AAalaalmu/mineena harajun fee azwaji adAAiya-ihim itha qadaw minhunna wataran wakana amru Allahi mafAAoolan

Translation:

37. And when you said to him whom Allah and you had shown favour to, “Keep your wife to yourself and fear Allah!” And you concealed in your heart what Allah would bring to light. And you feared men, and Allah has a greater right that you should fear Him! So when Zaid completed necessary divorce formalities from her (Zaid’s wife), We gave her in marriage to you, so that there should be no difficulty for the believers about the wives of their adopted sons, when they (adopted sons) have completed necessary divorce formalities from them (their wives). And Allah’s decree does ever get implemented.7

Study Note:

7. Pet subject of Prophet Muhammad’s critics is his marriages with many women. But the fact is he practiced monogamy for most of his adult life. It was only at the fag end of his life that he had to have many wives for political and social reasons – and not carnal reasons, as the biased critics would have us believe. This Verse refers to one of those many marriages. The person named here – Zaid – was a slave whom the Prophet had freed from bondage and adopted as a son. He had then got him (Zaid) married to his own (Prophet’s) cousin. But the marriage was soon in doldrums because of incompatibility. The wife’s upbringing was more sophisticated than that of the former slave who had now become her husband. His appearance too was not comely. So, despite the Prophet’s attempts to save the marriage, it broke. Zaid divorced his wife. The Prophet naturally felt responsible for ruining his cousin’s life. He would therefore like to marry her himself, but was afraid of people’s wagging tongues that would surely denigrate him for marrying his adopted son’s former wife. Allah Ta’ala wanted this social misconception removed from people’s mind, and hence was this marriage of the Prophet with his divorced cousin ordained. The Qur’aan elsewhere tells us that an adopted son is not the same as a biological son. Besides bringing home this truth to the social psyche, the marriage helped rehabilitate a divorcee whom another man might not have been willing to marry because she had been the wife of a former slave.


 The above is an extract from Qur’aanic Studies Manzil V, which will soon, inshaAllah, be published on Amazon Kindle. Manzil IMabzil II,  Manzil III and Manzil IV of the series are already published.

Mohammad Shafi

Posted by: mjaga | August 5, 2012

Seal of the Prophets

Qur’aanic Verse 33:40:

33:40

Transliteration:

40. Ma kana muhammadun aba ahadin min rijalikum walakin rasoola Allahi wakhatama alnnabiyyeena wakana Allahu bikulli shay-in AAaleeman

Translation:

40. Muhammad is not father to any of you men, but he is Messenger of Allah and Seal of the Prophets.8 And Allah does know all things.

Study Note:

8. It is noteworthy that this Verse describes Muhammad (peace on him) as Seal of the Prophets, and not of Messengers. Rasool literally means one who is sent or deputed. So a rasool could be one sent with a message, in which case we can rightly call him a messenger. Or, a rasool could be one sent to accomplish an errand. The Qur’aan, for instance, has described angels sent to take the soul of a person at his/her death as Allah’s rusool. Such errand-performing rusool could always be coming till the Last Day. These could be coming in human forms as well. Suppose, you miss a plane because someone caused a delay in your reaching aerodrome in time. And then that plane crashes! Without his knowing anything about it, that someone who caused the delay could be a rasool sent to save you. But that is no reason for Rashad Khalifa to claim fraudulently that he is a rasool from Allah come to expunge two Verses from the Glorious Qur’aan. Nobody, but a duly authorized Prophet, can effect a change in a divine scripture. And there is no Prophet after Muhammad!


 The above is an extract from Qur’aanic Studies Manzil V, which will soon, inshaAllah, be published on Amazon Kindle. Manzil IMabzil II,  Manzil III and Manzil IV of the series are already published.

Mohammad Shafi

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