Posted by: mjaga | August 7, 2012

Prophet’s Marriages

Qur’aanic Verse 33:37:

33:37

Transliteration:

37. Wa-ith taqoolu lillathee anAAama Allahu AAalayhi waanAAamta AAalayhi amsik AAalayka zawjaka waittaqi Allaha watukhfee fee nafsika ma Allahu mubdeehi watakhsha alnnasa waAllahu ahaqqu an takhshahu falamma qada zaydun minha wataran zawwajnakaha likay la yakoona AAalaalmu/mineena harajun fee azwaji adAAiya-ihim itha qadaw minhunna wataran wakana amru Allahi mafAAoolan

Translation:

37. And when you said to him whom Allah and you had shown favour to, “Keep your wife to yourself and fear Allah!” And you concealed in your heart what Allah would bring to light. And you feared men, and Allah has a greater right that you should fear Him! So when Zaid completed necessary divorce formalities from her (Zaid’s wife), We gave her in marriage to you, so that there should be no difficulty for the believers about the wives of their adopted sons, when they (adopted sons) have completed necessary divorce formalities from them (their wives). And Allah’s decree does ever get implemented.7

Study Note:

7. Pet subject of Prophet Muhammad’s critics is his marriages with many women. But the fact is he practiced monogamy for most of his adult life. It was only at the fag end of his life that he had to have many wives for political and social reasons – and not carnal reasons, as the biased critics would have us believe. This Verse refers to one of those many marriages. The person named here – Zaid – was a slave whom the Prophet had freed from bondage and adopted as a son. He had then got him (Zaid) married to his own (Prophet’s) cousin. But the marriage was soon in doldrums because of incompatibility. The wife’s upbringing was more sophisticated than that of the former slave who had now become her husband. His appearance too was not comely. So, despite the Prophet’s attempts to save the marriage, it broke. Zaid divorced his wife. The Prophet naturally felt responsible for ruining his cousin’s life. He would therefore like to marry her himself, but was afraid of people’s wagging tongues that would surely denigrate him for marrying his adopted son’s former wife. Allah Ta’ala wanted this social misconception removed from people’s mind, and hence was this marriage of the Prophet with his divorced cousin ordained. The Qur’aan elsewhere tells us that an adopted son is not the same as a biological son. Besides bringing home this truth to the social psyche, the marriage helped rehabilitate a divorcee whom another man might not have been willing to marry because she had been the wife of a former slave.


 The above is an extract from Qur’aanic Studies Manzil V, which will soon, inshaAllah, be published on Amazon Kindle. Manzil IMabzil II,  Manzil III and Manzil IV of the series are already published.

Mohammad Shafi

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