Posted by: mjaga | October 25, 2011

Slavery

Qur’aanic Verse 23.6:

22.6

Transliteration:

6. Illa AAala azwajihim aw ma malakat aymanuhum fa-innahum ghayru maloomeena

Translation:

6. Except with their spouses or with those whom they rightfully possess.1 For indulging in sex with them, they are, of course, not to be blamed. 

Study Note:

1. The literal meaning of the Arabic words ‘ma malakat aymanuhum’ here is: ‘what your right hands own’. Obviously, what are alluded to here are slaves. Slavery was in vogue during the time the Qur’aan was revealed. Although the Qur’aan did not abolish slavery as such, it contained provisions for the gradual but sure disappearance thereof. In Muslim history, there have been cases where slaves had become kings. And in course of time, slavery came to a natural end without even legislation therefor. And therewith the practice of having sex with one’s own slave girls also came to a natural end. The practice had obviously been allowed in the Qur’aan to continue in anticipation of its natural death. The divine scheme was not to unduly disturb the socio-economic system prevailing then.

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The above is an extract from Qur’aanic Studies Manzil IV, which will soon, inshaAllah, be published on Amazon Kindle. Manzil IMabzil II & Manzil III of the series are already published.

Mohammad Shafi


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Responses

  1. Forewords:- There are three concepts of the AU MA MALAKAT the Quran has mentioned..

    1st meaning:- As the women were purchased as slaves in the dark age, those have been called Au Ma Malakt.Their owners had sexual relation with them. The Quran made them Mankooha(made Nikah with them) and made their legal wives.

    2nd Meaning :- The Mohaajir women came from the non Muslim society handed over themself in the hands or posession (Aedii) of the Muslims.They had left there relatives behind them and adopted the Muslims as their care takers.(Wali or Waris).. Those have also been called Au mamalakat..60/10

    3rd meaning:- Professional workers also hand over themselves in the hand of so called owners therefore they have also been called Au Mamalkat. 16/71 30/28.

    The concept of the slave women are taken from 33/52. Its exposition is:-

    O nabi! No any other women other than you owned (present)women are not halaal for you . This is also not halaal for you to exchange with the others women ( By divorcing one and to bring new wife) even if you like their behaviour and beauty.

    Its mean Au ma malakat is also not Halaal for the Nabi( means those women are also not halaal for the messenger came from the other society and gave them selves in the posession (Walaait)of the Nabi.
    The concept of making slave is against the central education of human respect 17/70. It was a great deed of the last messenger who liberated all the slaves with His own pen/hand. Making slave is also against this.

    Now Ayat Al mominoon 23/5 to 6

    And they preserve their sexual energies only for their wives;or slave maids (who were in their posession before the Quranic injunctions prohibiting slavery were revealed ~ 47/4 and who after being duly married had been given a status equal to that of other wives). There is no blame in having sexual relations with them.

  2. “Ma Malakat Aymanukum” covers five categories of people as follows:
    (1)Ma Malakat Aymanukum = what you already have. ( as in 4:3,33:50 and 33:52)
    (2) Ma Malakat Aymanukum = What is rightfully yours. (70:30 and 23:6)
    (3) Ma Malakat Aymanukum = slaves, if any.(4:25 and 24:3)
    (4) Ma Malakat Aymanukum = servants.(24:31, 33:55 and 24:58,4:36,16:71,30:28)
    (5) Ma Malakat Aymanukum = Special category of women(4:24)
    So “Ma malakat Aymanukum” can be men, women, boys or girls. The expression of “Ma malakat Aymanukum” has different meaning in different verses although all of them fall under the same classification – a group of people who depend on you, almost totally, for their living requirements, security and well being. Quran teaches beyond doubt that “Ma malakat Aymanukum” are part of our families who should be treated with respect and given their rights as human beings. Only in two categories out of the five “Ma malakat Aymanukum”, is sexual relationship allowed and only after these “Ma malakat Aymanukum” are part of a marriage (as a spouse). Under no circumstances does God allow in the Quran any man (or a woman), to have sexual relationship with their “Ma malakat Aymanukum” unless the man and the woman become a husband and wife. Even in case of war, all the captured women (and men), fall under the protected “Ma malakat Aymanukum” and cannot be considered sex objects. They should be treated with respect and asked for marriage, and given their due dowries. Rape of women during wartime is a crime as it is during peacetime. Righteousness is defined by an established moral value, that is best judged by the words of God in the Quran, and not by war or peace.


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